What Is Gum Disease?

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Gum disease occurs when the gum tissue becomes inflamed. Without treatment, it can eventually lead to tooth loss and other serious oral health issues. Knowing the signs, understanding the risks, and seeking early treatment for gum disease is essential to your oral health. Dr. Strauss explains gum disease to help you actively protect your smile. As a board-certified periodontist, Dr. Strauss can also provide various treatments for this condition at his office.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease occurs when plaque (a clear, sticky bacterial film) accumulates on the surfaces of your teeth. Without proper cleaning, the plaque turns into tartar, which must be removed by a professional.
In many cases, gum disease is caused by poor oral hygiene. However, even those who brush, floss, and attend their biannual exams can be susceptible to gum disease due to:

  • Smoking
  • Hormonal Fluctuations (Such As Those That Occur During Pregnancy)
  • Genetic Predisposition
  • Some Prescription
  • Medications Diabetes
  • Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

Gum Disease Symptoms

While many patients are unaware they have gum disease in the earliest stages , certain symptoms should serve as warning signs, such as:

  • Inflammation
  • Bleeding When Brushing
  • Tenderness
  • Persistent Bad Breath

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential that you schedule an appointment immediately.

Why Is It Important To Treat Gum Disease?

When gum disease is treated in the earliest stages, it can be reversed. However, as it progresses, it becomes chronic and must be carefully controlled. As gum disease worsens, the gum tissue begins to pull away from the tooth and can eventually result in tooth loss. Meanwhile, gum disease can eventually allow bacteria to enter the bloodstream, affecting your overall health.

How To Prevent Gum Disease

Fortunately, preventing gum disease is fairly simple:

  • Maintain A Proper Oral Hygiene Routine
  • You should thoroughly brush your teeth twice and floss at least once each day. Rinsing with mouthwash is also a helpful preventive measure.
    Attending Regular Cleanings & Exams

It is typically recommended that patients undergo a dental cleaning twice each year. Attending these cleanings can ensure that built-up plaque and tartar are removed and that gum disease is treated in a timely manner. Some patients may need more frequent checkups.

Our team will take time to answer any questions and educate you about oral hygiene practices in order to minimize your risk of developing gum disease.

Contact 201.567.7766