TMD (or TMJ) is a shortened abbreviation for Temporomandibular Joint Disorders. The Temporomandibular Joint connects the jaw to the skull’s temporal bones, located in front of each ear. This joint allows your jaw to move up and down, side to side, and also control how you talk, the way you chew, and when you yawn.
- There are no specific causes of TMD.
- Research shows that symptoms arise from facial muscles or parts of the joint.
- Injuries to the jaw, joint, or head/neck muscles can lead to TMD.
- Most cases occur from heavy blow or whiplash (ex. car accidents)
- Grinding or clenching teeth applies heavy pressure.
- Movement of the ball and socket of the joint
- Stress can cause the muscles to be tense and tightened.
- TMD often causes extreme pain and discomfort
- Studies show that it occurs in more woman than men between the ages of 20 to 40
- Discomfort when you try to open your mouth wide
- Jaws get locked in an open or closed position.
- Clicking, popping noises of the jaw
- Fatigue or swelling in the face
- Trouble in chewing or biting