The first stage of gum disease is caused by inflammation of the gums, known as gingivitis. The inflammation of the gum appears to be red and swollen. The slightest of brushing or flossing can induce bleeding. Having excellent oral hygiene with a consistent habit of brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day with bi-annual dental visits and cleaning can turn signs of early gum disease around and prevent gum disease from happening. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can become more severe and dangerous to oral health. Gingivitis left untreated will progress into periodontitis. Periodontitis is an inflammation of the structure that holds the teeth in place.
Once you detect any of these symptoms, it is highly critical to make an appointment to see your dentist immediately to prevent any further damage to your gums.