Periodontitis Disease: Bleeding Gums

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Bleeding in the gums is the first indication that there is a bacterial infection, and if not correctly treated, it can increase the infection condition to grow to other parts of the tissues and bones that hold up your teeth. When you fail to take care of gum diseases, your tooth will eventually begin to decay without the support and may lead to tooth extraction.
The cause of bleeding gums occurs when plaque begins to form. The plaques consist of food residue that attaches to the tooth and the gums. When the gum starts to bleed, the body’s immune system releases white blood cells to control the inflammation. The principal leading cause of bleeding gums is plaque build-ups at the gum line known as gingivitis.
Other causes include, but not limited to:

  • Any pre-existing bleeding disorders
  • Harsh brushing movements to the teeth and gums
  • Improper fitting on dentures, retainers, or aligners
  • Incorrect flossing
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Bacterial infections
  • Vitamin C deficiency (scurvy)
  • Medication users: blood thinners
  • Cancer patients: leukemia
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